Losing a few extra pounds is only half the battle. It is important to do it healthily and to keep the effects for longer after the diet. So before we decide how we will fight overweight, it is worth looking at the pros and cons of popular diets. They are commented on by MSc. Magdalena Szymańska from the Dietary Clinic in Warsaw.
The Copenhagen Diet
Also called the 13 day diet. On average, they lose 4-8 kg, but some people lose up to 15 kg! It can be used once every two years. It contains a lot of protein, little carbohydrates and a limited amount of fat. The diet is dominated by eggs, lean meat (chicken, turkey), fish (cod, trout), meats (lean, cooked), lettuce, carrots, broccoli (alternatively with cauliflower) and fruit (grapefruits, oranges). The only spice is lemon juice. You eat three times a day: breakfast, lunch (no later than 2 p.m.), dinner (no later than 5 p.m.). To drink: approx. 2 liters of water with lemon or parsley (improves digestion), coffee or green tea. Vegetarians can eat tofu instead of meat.
Cons: Very restrictive and badly balanced. It has the wrong proportions of protein, fat and carbohydrates! You can eat 500-600 calories a day. This makes us feel long and persistent hunger. Although we lose weight quickly, we do not lose body fat, but only water and muscle tissue. After the treatment is over, the yo-yo effect appears.
This diet weakens the body, can cause fainting, and in young women it can stop menstruation. Particularly harmful to young people who work physically and engage in sports. Wrong proportions of nutrients can lead to deficiencies of magnesium and calcium, B vitamins. Effect: dry skin, dullness of hair and nails, irritability, problems with memory and concentration.
Advantages: short duration and rapid weight loss. He gets used to eating white flour and sugar. It promotes vegetables, but in insufficient quantity.
Dr. William Hay’s diet
Also known as the non-bulking diet. Provides a loss of approx. 5 kg in two weeks. It divides the products into three groups: protein (meat, fish, cheese, yogurt, beans, soy); carbohydrate (bread, cereals, pasta, potatoes, cereals, rice, corn, honey) and neutral (fats, vegetables except potatoes, fresh fruit, butter, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, nuts, almonds, olive oil). We eat protein products with vegetables. Each food can also be combined with products from the neutral group. You must take a three-hour break between protein and carbohydrate meals.
Sugar, coffee, strong tea, alcohol, white bread, fatty meat and cold cuts, canned products and fast food are eliminated from the menu. We eat 4-5 small portions a day. We drink between meals, never during the day. We don’t fry food. We eat fruit between meals.