What is diabetes and why are we talking about the importance of this problem?
The term ‘diabetes’ as defined by the World Health Organisation means a metabolic disorder of multiple etiologies characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia with carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism compromised as a result of reduced insulin secretion and / or insulin action.
Diabetes is a global problem worldwide not only today, always. According to the who, currently about 422 million people suffer from diabetes, which is 6.028% of the entire population of the planet. The incidence of diabetes is increasing year by year. If the situation continues to develop at the same pace, the number of people with diabetes will double by 2025. By 2030, diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death in the world.
- The risk of stroke in diabetes is 4 times greater.
- Diabetes is the main cause of blindness.
- The risk of heart attack in diabetes increases by 300%, heart disease-4 times.
- The probability of kidney failure increases 4-fold.
Diabetes is the main atraumatic cause of amputation of the lower extremities. Every 30 seconds around the world, lower limbs are amputated due to diabetes.
Diabetes controls between 2.5 and 15% of the annual healthcare budget in different countries, and indirect costs are five times higher. It is clear that in order to improve the quality of life of patients, as well as reduce the economic costs of the state to help people with diabetes, it is necessary to actively implement measures to prevent and treat diabetes and its complications. Who published economic statistics showing that $ 1 spent on prevention saves $ 20 spent on treatment.
The most common type is diabetes. Let’s consider this in more detail.
Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include:
- age over 40 years;
- overweight, obesity;
- hereditary predisposition to the disease;
- unbalanced diet;
- sedentary lifestyle (lack of physical activity);
- psycho-emotional overload, stressful situations;
- previous diabetes during pregnancy;
- impaired glucose tolerance;
- chronic gastritis, cholecystitis;
- ischaemic heart disease, hypertension;
Type 2 diabetes clinic. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are mild. The following characters are characteristic:
- general weakness;
- weight loss with increased appetite;
- itching of the skin;
- long-term healing (abscessing) of wounds.
The absence of clear clinical signs at the onset of the disease, which can last for years, leads to late diagnosis, often already with the development of late complications. The absence of clear clinical signs at the onset of the disease, which can last for years, leads to late diagnosis, often already with the development of late complications. The sooner diabetes is detected, the fewer problems it will have time to deliver to you and your body!
A healthy lifestyle is recommended as the main prevention of diabetes:
- balanced diet;
- regular sports, active lifestyle;
- good sleep and rest;
- positive attitude to life;
- preventive visit to the therapist.
World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14. This day is a reason to think about your health, about the problems of diabetes. The theme of World Diabetes Day 2018 is family and diabetes. Russia is one of the five countries with the highest incidence of diabetes.