EarlyBird Diabetes Study

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Summary of Scientific Delivery to date

  • 53 scientific articles in peer-reviewed journals
  • 1 book
  • 4 book chapters
  • 60 invited platform presentations at national/international scientific meetings
  • 55 peer-reviewed oral presentations at national/international scientific meetings
  • >100 peer-reviewed poster presentations at national/international meetings

Advisory

  1. All Party Parliamentary Committee on Obesity
  2. All Party Parliamentary Committee on Diabetes
  3. Department of Health
  4. Irish Community Child Health
  5. Government Office of Science & Technology
  6. US Centre for Disease Control
  7. US National Institutes of Health

Media

  • Times, Sunday Times
  • Independent
  • Daily Telegraph
  • Guardian
  • Daily Mail
  • Daily Mirror
  • Observer
  • Time Magazine
  • The Economist
  • New Scientist
  • Devon Today
  • BBC 1 Tomorrow’s World
  • Discovery Health Channel
  • ITV South Today
  • BBC Spotlight
  • BBC Radio 4 Case Notes (x3)
  • BBC Radio 4 Frontiers
  • BBC Radio 4 The Future
  • BBC Radio 4 Am I Normal?
  • BBC Radio 4 The Investigation
  • BBC Radio 2 Jeremy Vine
  • BBC Radio 5 Live
  • BBC Radio Devon

EarlyBird Publications and Presentations to October 2008

11  Commissioned Reviews/Leaders

  • Wilkin TJ & Voss LD. Metabolic Syndrome: Maladaptation to a Modern World. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2004;97:511-20
  • Voss LD. Obesity: early intervention. (Guest editorial). Gastrointestinal Nursing 2004;(5):3.
  • Jeffery AN, Voss LD. Parents unable to weigh up childhood obesity (Leader) Practical Diabetes International. Nov/Dec 2004; Vol. 21 (9):319-20.
  • Metcalf BS, Mallam KM, Voss LD, Jeffery AN, Snaith R, Alba S, Wilkin TJ.
  • The regulation of physical activity in young people. Education & Heath 2004;22(4):61-64.
  • Wilkin TJ & English P. Metabolic syndrome: detection and management. BMJlearning. October 2005.
  • Wilkin TJ. The great weight gain experiment: accelerators and autoantibodies in Diabetes. Arch Dis Child 2006;91:456-458.
  • Jeffery AN, Voss LD. Weighing in at school? The value of routine school based measurements in the fight against obesity. (Leader) Pract Diab Int. Sept 2007;24(7) 335-6.
  • Voss LD.  New Government initiatives to tackle obesity – but will they work? (Leader) Pract Diab Int. April 2008;25(3)
  • Wilkin TJ. Diabetes: 1 and 2, or one and the same? Progress with the Accelerator Hypothesis. Pediatric Diabetes. 2008;9:23-32.
  • Voss LD et al. Risk of type 2 diabetes affects all socio-economic groups in an urbanised population: a prospective childhood study. Pediatric Diabetes (in preparation)
  • Wilkin TJ, Voss LD. From accelerator to EarlyBird. International Journal of Obesity (in preparation)

42  Peer-reviewed Publications in Scientific Journals:

  1. Wilkin TJ. The Accelerator Hypothesis: weight gain as the missing link between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia. 2001 Jul;44:914-22.
  2. Wilkin TJ, Metcalf BS, Voss LD, Murphy MJ, Metcalf BS, Howdle SM, Jeffery AN, Kirkby J. The relative contributions of birth weight, ‘catch-up’ weight and current weight to insulin resistance in contemporary five-year-olds: (EarlyBird 2). Diabetes 2002 Dec;51(12):3468-72.
  3. Metcalf BS, Voss LD, Jeffery AN, Kirkby J, Wilkin TJ. Accelerometers identify inactive, potentially obese children (EarlyBird 3). Arch Dis Childhood 2002; 87, 166-7.
  4. Metcalf BS, Curnow JSH, Evans C, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Technical reliability of the CSA activity monitor (The EarlyBird Study) Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002,34(9):1533-37.
  5. Howdle S, Wilkin TJ. Type 2 diabetes in children: an epidemic in the making. Nursing Standard 2001;15:38-42.
  6. Jeffery AN, Wilkin TJ, Voss LD, Metcalf BS. Causes of insulin resistance in childhood. Nursing Standard 2002;16:33-37.
  7. Jeffery AN. Insulin resistance. Nursing Standard 2003;17(32),47-53.
  8. Mallam KM, Metcalf BS, Kirkby J, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Contribution of timetabled physical education to total physical activity in primary school children: cross sectional study: The EarlyBird Programme BMJ 2003;327:592-3.
  9. Kibirige M, Metcalf BS, Mallam K, Renuka R, Wilkin TJ. Testing the Accelerator Hypothesis (1): The relationship between body mass and age at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes Diabetes Care 2003;26:2865-70.
  10. Voss LD, Kirkby J, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, O’Riordan C, Murphy MJ, Wilkin TJ. Preventable Factors in Childhood that Lead to Insulin Resistance, Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome: The EarlyBird Diabetes Study (1). J Pediatr Endocrinol and Metab 2003;16:1211-24.
  11. Murphy MJ, Mallam KM, Voss LD, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Kirkby J, Wilkin TJ. Girls at five are intrinsically more insulin resistant than boys: the programming hypotheses revisited. Pediatrics 2004 Jan;113(1):82-86.
  12. Mitchell SM, Hattersley AT, Knight B, Turner T, Metcalf BS, Voss LD, Davies D, McCarthy A, Wilkin TJ, Smith GD, Ben-Shlomo Y, Frayling TM. Lack of Support for a Role of the Insulin Gene Variable Number of Tandem Repeats Minisatellite (INS-VNTR) Locus in Fetal Growth or Type 2 Diabetes-Related Intermediate Traits in United Kingdom Populations. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jan;89(1):310-7.
  13. Wilkin TJ, Ludvigsson J, Greenbaum C, Palmer J, Becker D, Bruining J. Future intervention trials in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2004;27:996-7.
  14. Kirkby J, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, O’Riordan C, Perkins J, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Sex differences in resting energy expenditure and their relationship to insulin resistance in children (EarlyBird 13). Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:430-5.
  15. Metcalf BS, Voss LD, Jeffery AN, Perkins J, Wilkin TJ. Physical activity cost of the school-run: impact on schoolchildren of being driven to school (EarlyBird 22). Brit Med J 2004;329:832-3.
  16. Jeffery AN, Voss LD, Metcalf BS, Kirkby J, Perkins J, Wilkin TJ. The impact of pregnancy weight and glucose on the metabolic health of mother and child – The EarlyBird Study 14. Midwifery 2004;Vol 20/3 pp 281-289.
  17. Betts PR, Mulligan J, Wilkin TJ. Increasing body weight predicts the earlier onset of insulin dependent diabetes in childhood. Testing the ‘Accelerator Hypothesis’ (2). Diabetic Medicine 2005:22(2):144-51.
  18. Jeffery AN, Voss LD, Metcalf BS, Alba S, Wilkin TJ. Parents’ awareness of overweight in themselves and their children: cross-sectional study within a cohort (EarlyBird 21). Brit Med J, Jan 2005;330:23-4.
  19. Jeffery AN, Snaith R, Voss LD. Ethical dilemmas – feeding back results to members of a longitudinal cohort study. J Med Ethics March2005;31:153.
  20. Wilkin TJ, Voss LD, Metcalf BS, Mallam K, Jeffery AN, Alba S, Murphy MJ. Metabolic risk in early childhood; EarlyBird 25. Int. J Obesity Relat Metab Disord 2004;28 Suppl 3:S64-9.
  21. Weedon MN, Frayling TM, Shields B, Knight B, Turner T, Metcalf BS, Voss L, Wilkin TJ, McCarthy A, Ben-Shlomo Y, Davey Smith G, Ring S, Jones R, Golding J, Byberg L, Mann V, Axelsson T, Syvanen AC, Leon D, Hattersley AT. Genetic regulation of birth weight and fasting glucose by a common polymorphism in the islet cell promoter of the glucokinase gene. Diabetes, Feb. 2005;54:576-81.
  22. Jeffery AN, Snaith R, Voss LD.  Insulin resistance in childhood: The EarlyBird Diabetes Study (12). Journal of Diabetes Nursing 2005;9(4):127-132.
  23. Jeffery AN, Metcalf BS, Hosking J, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Obesity-linked insulin resistance in children – an emerging problem The EarlyBird Study 31. European J Diabetes Nursing 2006;3(1).
  24. Voss LD. Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Wilkin TJ. IOTF thresholds for overweight and obesity and their relation to metabolic risk in children. (EarlyBird 20). International J of Obesity, 2006  Apr;30(4):606-9.
  25. Wilkin TJ, Murphy MJ. The gender insulin hypothesis: why girls are born lighter than boys, and the implications for insulin resistance: International J of Obesity2006;30:1056-61.
  26. Wilkin TJ, Mallam K, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Voss LD. Variation in physical activity lies with the child, not his environment: evidence for an ‘activitystat’ in young children (EarlyBird 16) International J of Obesity 2006;30:1050 -55.
  27. Murphy MJ, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Does lean rather than fat mass provide the link between birth weight, BMI & diabetes risk? Pediatric Diabetes 20067:211-14.
  28. Jeffery AN, Metcalf BS, Hosking J, Murphy MJ, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ.  Little evidence for early programming of weight and insulin resistance in contemporary children. Pediatrics 2006 Sep;118(3):1118-23.
  29. Hosking J, Metcalf B, Jeffery AN, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Validation of foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the assessment of body composition in young children: the EarlyBird cohort. British Journal of Nutrition 2006;96:1163-1168.
  30. Weedon MN, Clark VJ, Qian Y, Ben-Shlomo Y, Timpson N, Ebrahim S, Lawlor DA, Pembrey ME, Ring S, Wilkin TJ, Voss LD, Jeffery AN, Metcalf B, Ferrucci L, Corsi AM, Murray A, Melzer D, Knight B, Shields B, Smith GD, Hattersley AT, Di Rienzo A, Frayling TM. A common haplotype of the glucokinase gene alters fasting glucose and birth weight: association in six studies and population-genetics analyses. Am J Hum Genet. 2006 Dec;79(6):991-1001. Epub 2006 Oct.
  31. Chandak GR, Ward KJ, Yajnik CS, Pandit AN, Bavdekar A, Joglekar CV, Fall CH, Mohankrishna P, Wilkin TJ, Metcalf BS, Weedon MN, Frayling TM, Hattersley AT. Triglyceride associated polymorphisms of the APOA5 gene have very different allele frequencies in Pune, India compared to Europeans. BMC Med Genet. 2006 Oct 10;7:76
  32. Wilkin TJ. Changing perspectives in diabetes: their impact on its classification. Diabetologia 2007 Aug;50(8):1587-92. Epub 2007 Apr 25.
  33. Hosking J, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Gardner D, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Resting energy expenditure, adiponectin and changes in body composition of young children (EarlyBird 34). Int J Pediatr Obes. 2007 Aug 29;1-6 [Epub ahead of print).
  34. Jeffery AN, Alba S, Murphy MJ, Voss LD, Metcalf BS, Hosking J, Gardner D, Sattar N. Wilkin TJ. The Behaviour of insulin resistance and its metabolic correlates in prepubertal children: a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 32). Diabetes Care. 2007 Nov;30(11):2962-4.
  35. Voss LD, Hosking J, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Wilkin TJ. Children from low-income families enjoy less access to sports facilities but are no less physically active. Child: Care, Health & Development 2008;34(4):470-474.
  36. Gardner D S-L, Metcalf BS, Hosking J, Jeffery AN, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. Trends, associations and predictions of insulin resistance in prepubertal children (EarlyBird 29). Pediatric Diabetes 2008; 9(I): 214-220.
  37. Wilkin TJ.  Diabetes: 1 and 2, or one and the same? Progress with the accelerator hypothesis Pediatric Diabetes 2008; 9 (II): 23-32.
  38. Brad S Metcalf BS, Voss LD, Hosking J, Jeffery AN, Wilkin TJ. Physical activity at the government-recommended level and obesity-related health outcomes: a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 37).Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2008;93:772-777.
  39. Jeffery AN, Murphy MJ, Metcalf BS, Hosking J, Voss LD, Perez-Pastor E, Sattar N, Wilkin TJ. Adiponectin in Childhood: a review. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 2008;3:130-40.
  40. Murphy M, Jeffery AN, Metcalf BS, Jeffery J, Hosking J, Voss LD, Sattar N, Williams R, Wilkin TJ. Distributions of adiponectin, leptin, and metabolic correlates of insulin resistance. A longitudinal study in British children: 1. Pre-puberty (EarlyBird 15) Clin Chem 2008;54:1298-1306.
  41. Krishnan B, Jeffery A, Metcalf B, Voss L, Wilkin T, Flanagan D. Gender differences in the relationship between heart rate control and adiposity in young children: a cross-sectional study (EarlyBird 33). Pediatric Diabetes (in press).
  42. Gardner D S-L, Hosking J, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Voss LD, Wilkin TJ. The contribution of early weight gain to childhood overweight and metabolic health: a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 36). Pediatrics (in press).

Book

  • Voss LD, Wilkin TJ (eds), Adult Obesity: a Paediatric Challenge. June 2003, Taylor & Francis, London

4 Chapters:

  • Wilkin TJ. The seeds are sown in childhood. In: Adult Obesity: a Paediatric Challenge (Voss and Wilkin eds), June 2003, Taylor & Francis, London. Pp 39-49.
  • Jeffery AN. The seeds are sown in childhood – insulin resistance and the global epidemic of Type 2 Diabetes. In: Focus on Diabetes Mellitus Research –2005. (Ashley M Ford ed.) Nova Science Publishers Inc, New York.
  • Wilkin TJ. The Accelerator Hypothesis: A Unifying Explanation for Type-1 and Type-2 Diabetes. Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Clin Perform Programme. 2006;11:139-153.
  • Wilkin TJ.Tempo and Type 1 Diabetes: the Accelerator Hypothesis in Dabelea D and Klingensmith G (Eds) The Epidemiology of Diabetes in Youth.(2008).

Other Publications/letters to scientific journals:

  • Hall D.  Child Growth Foundation Seminar on The Epidemic of Obesity in Childhood – RCP    London July 29-30, 2000. Consensus document with contributions from seminar members Logan S, Macfarlane A, Elliman D, Betts P, Cole TJ, Wilkin TJ and Voss LD.    http://www.health-for-all-children.co.uk/pdf/epidemic_obesity/epidemic_of_obesity.pdf.
  • Murphy MJ, Voss LD, Metcalf BS, Jeffery AN, Mallam KM, Kirkby J, Wilkin TJ. Re: Paternal insulin and fetal growth (letter) Diabetologia  2002;45: 595.
  • Jeffery AN, Perkins J. Longitudinal studies with children (Research Notes) Nursing Standard 2002;16:32.
  • Wilkin TJ. Re: The incidence of type 1diabetes has not increased, but shifted to a younger age at diagnosis in the 0-34 age group in Sweden 1983-1998. (letter) Diabetologia 2002;45:783-791.
  • Wilkin TJ. Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 or type 2? The accelerator hypothesis.(letter) J Pediatrics 2002; 141: 449-50.
  • Wilkin TJ. Re: The Accelerator Hypothesis (letter) Diabetologia 2002;45:289.
  • Jeffery AN, Perkins J, Metcalf BS. Activity Monitoring in Children (Research Notes) Nursing Standard 2003;17:21.
  • Jeffery A, Wilkin T. NICE guidelines for routine antenatal care October 2003 (letter). MIDIRS Midwifery Digest 14;2:2004.
  • Wilkin T, Voss L. Physical activity in young children (letter). Lancet 2004;363:1162-3.
  • Voss LD, Jeffery AN, Snaith R, Perkins J, Wilkin TJ. Bleeding ethics (letter). Arch Dis Child 2004;89: 590-591.
  • Wilkin T. The metabolic syndrome, babies and bathwater (letter). Diabetologia 49;02/06
  • Wilkin TJ, Metcalf B, Murphy M, Voss LD. Physical activity and BMI in adolescence (letter).Lancet 2005 Dec 10;366:2003.
  • Wilkin T. Comment on: Is the ‘Accelerator Hypothesis’ worthy of our attention? Diabetic Medicine 2005 Oct;22(10):1458-9.
  • Wilkin TJ. Testing the Accelerator Hypothesis: Body Size, {beta}-Cell Function, and Age at Onset of Type 1 (Autoimmune) Diabetes: Response to Dabelea et al. Diabetes Care June 2006, 29(6):1462-1463.
  • Murphy MJ, Wilkin TJ. Response to Dr James. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007 Apr 24; Epub ahead of print.
  • Wilkin TJ. The accelerator hypothesis cannot be tested using the type 2 diabetes gene TCF7L2. Diabetologia. 2007 Aug;50(8):1780. Epub 2007 Jun 23.
  • Wilkin T. Comment on: Gale EAM (2007) To boldly go — or to go too boldly? The accelerator hypothesis revisited. Diabetologia 50:1571-1575 — a reply to the editor. Diabetologia. 2007 Dec;50(12):2604-6. Epub 2007 Oct 5.
  • Wilkin T. Reply to Wardle J et al. School-based physical activity and changes in adiposity. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Jan 8; [Epub ahead of print].
  • Willkin T. Insulin resistance and progression to type 1 diabetes in the European Nicotinamide Diabetes Intervention Trial (ENDIT): response to Bingley et al. Diabetes Care. 2008 Apr;31
  • Wilkin T. Major increase in Type 1 diabetes: no support for the accelerator hypothesis. Diabet Med. 2008 Mar;25(3):376-7; author reply 377; discussion.

60 Invited Lectures/ Presentations:

  1. Wilkin TJ. European Association for the Study of Diabetes, Glasgow 2001.
  2. Wilkin TJ. British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Plymouth 2002.
  3. Wilkin TJ. Steno Diabetes Centre, Copenhagen, 2003.
  4. Wilkin TJ. Diabetes UK Annual Profession Meeting, Glasgow 2003.
  5. Wilkin TJ. European Congress on Obesity Satellite Symposium, Helsinki 2003.
  6. Wilkin TJ. Spanish Endocrine Society, Warsaw 2003
  7. O’Riordan C.International Diabetes Federation, Paris 2003. 
  8. Voss LD.  Stafford Postgraduate Centre, 2003.
  9. Wilkin TJ. National Obesity Forum, London, 2003.
  10. Voss LD.   Royal Society of Medicine, London, 2003.
  11. Voss LD & Metcalf B. Dorset Physical Activity Alliance Conference, 2003.
  12. Wilkin TJ. Women’s Health Research Conference, Peninsula Medical School, 2004.
  13. Wilkin TJ. The Challenge of Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence. Somerset College, 2004.
  14. Wilkin TJ. Obesity: from basic to clinical science, Reus, Spain 2004.
  15. Wilkin TJ. European Childhood Obesity Group, Zaragossa, 2004.
  16. Voss LD.  11th National Symposium Paediatric & Adolescent Diabetes, Nottingham University 2004.
  17. Wilkin TJ. 11th National Symposium Paediatric & Adolescent Diabetes, Nottingham University 2004.
  18. Wilkin TJ. European Association for the Study of Diabetes, Munich 2004.
  19. Wilkin TJ. The Rising Tide of Diabetes in Children. Novartis Foundation. London 2004.
  20. Metcalf B. Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge 2004.
  21. Wilkin TJ. 5th Nutrition & Health Conference, London 2004
  22. Voss LD.  1st National Conference on Obesity and Health, Manchester 2005
  23. Metcalf B. Dorset Physical Activity Alliance Conference 2005
  24. Wilkin TJ. Diabetes UK Annual Profession Meeting, Glasgow 2005
  25. Wilkin TJ. American Diabetes Association, San Diego 2005.
  26. Wilkin TJ. 1st International Conference on Pre-diabetes & Metabolic syndrome, Berlin 2005
  27. Wilkin TJ.  40th German Diabetes Association, Berlin 2005
  28. Wilkin TJ. Diabetes UK South West Primary Care Conference, Bristol 2005.
  29. Wilkin TJ. International Society for Paediatric Endocrinology & Diabetes, Krakow 2005.
  30. Wilkin TJ. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 2005.
  31. Jeffery A.The Rank Prize Funds Symposium, Grasmere 2005.
  32. Hosking J. The Rank Prize Funds Symposium Grasmere 2005 (First prize winner).
  33. Wilkin TJ. National Obesity Forum, London 2005.
  34. Wilkin TJ. Hangzhou, China 2005.
  35. Wilkin TJ. Centre for Diseases Control, Atlanta 2005
  36. Wilkin TJ. Association of Surgeons of Great Britain & Ireland, Edinburgh 2006.
  37. Wilkin TJ. 2nd National Conference on Obesity and Health, UMIST, Manchester 2006
  38. Wilkin TJ. Spanish Endocrine Society, Seville 2006
  39. Wilkin TJ. University of Basel 2006
  40. Wilkin TJ.11th Congress of the European Congress on Sports Science, Lausanne 2006.
  41. Metcalf B. International Congress on Obesity, Sydney 2006
  42. Jeffery A Federation of European Diabetes Nurses Annual Conference, Copenhagen 2006.
  43.  Wilkin TJ. Swedish Diabetes Association, Linköping 2006
  44. Wilkin TJ. Polish Diabetes Association, Poznan 2006.
  45. Wilkin TJSpanish Society of Pediatric Endocrinology,Seville 2007
  46. Wilkin TJ  Highland Diabetes Symposium, Nairn 2007
  47. Wilkin TJ.Royal Society for Medicine, London 2007
  48. Wilkin TJ. Association for the Study of Obesity, Warwick.2007
  49. Wilkin TJInternational Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes, Berlin 2007.
  50. Wilkin TJ. University ofSouthampton 2007.
  51. Wilkin TJ. Serono International Foundation Symposium, Athens 2008
  52. Wilkin TJ  Centre for Emotional Development. Brighton 2008
  53. Wilkin TJ. University of Washington Diabetes Endocrinology Research Center, Seattle 2008.
  54. Wilkin TJ. British Association for Sports & Exercise Science Annual Conference, Brunel 2008
  55. Wilkin TJ. International Society for Pediatric & Adolescent Diabetes, Durban 2008.
  56. Wilkin TJ. St Paul’s School Medical Society, London 2008.
  57. Wilkin TJ. McGill University, Montreal, November 3rd-9th 2008
    • Issue Expert: McGill Health Challenge Think Tank Childhood Obesity
    • Brain-to Society Research Workshop on Obesity
    • Gates Foundation Convergence Workshop on Global Obesity
  58. Wilkin TJ.   3rd Egyptian Congress on Obesity, Cairo 2009
  59. Wilkin TJ.  Leeds course on Clinical Nutrition, Leeds 2009
  60. Wilkin TJ.  National Obesity Forum, Birmingham 2009

55  Peer-reviewed Oral Presentations at the following National/International Conferences:

  • British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes (BSPED), Birmingham, 2000.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Glasgow, 2001.
  • Joint meeting LWPES/ESPE/APEG/JSPE Paediatric Endocrine Societies, Montreal 2001.
  • Association of Clinical Biochemists Annual Meeting, 2001
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Birmingham, 2002
  • Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), 2002.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), San Francisco, 2002.
  • Wales & SW Institute of Physics & Engineering in Medicine (SWIPEM), Cardiff, 2002.
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Budapest, 2002.
  • International Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes (ISPAD), Graz, 2002.
  • British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology & Diabetes (BSPED), Plymouth, 2002
  • Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), York, 2003.
  • European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Helsinki, 2003.
  • International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Paris, 2003.
  • British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes (BSPED), Edinburgh, 2003.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Birmingham, 2004.
  • European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Prague, 2004.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA),Orlando, 2004.
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Munich, 2004.
  • Royal College of Nursing (RCN) International Research Conference, Belfast, 2005.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Glasgow, 2005.
  • European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Athens 2005.
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Athens, 2005.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Birmingham, 2006
  • European Youth Heart Study Symposium, Odense, Denmark, 2006.
  • Anglo Danish Dutch Diabetes Group, The Netherlands, 2006 First prize winner.
  • International Congress on Obesity (ICO) Sydney 2006.
  • International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Cape Town, 2006.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Glasgow, 2007.
  • European Congress on Obesity (ECO) Budapest, 2007.
  • International Congress onPrediabetes & Metabolic Syndrome. Barcelona, 2007.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA) Chicago 2007.
  • European Congress on Obesity (ECO) Geneva, 2008.
  • International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), Durban, 2008

117  Peer Reviewed Poster Presentations at the following National/International Conferences:

  • British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology & Diabetes (BSPED), Birmingham 2000 (incl.the Best Poster prize).
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Glasgow 2001.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), Philadelphia, 2001 (incl.President’s Poster Selection).
  • Joint LWPES/ESPE/APEG/JSPE Paediatric Endocrine Societies, Montreal, 2001.
  • Association of Clinical Biochemists (ACB) Annual Meeting 2001.
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Glasgow 2001.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Birmingham 2002.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), San Francisco 2002 (incl. one selected for poster discussion).
  • Association of Clinical Biochemists National Meeting, Glasgow 2002
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Budapest 2002.
  • British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology & Diabetes (BSPED), Plymouth, 2002.
  • Diabetes in Scotland: The Way Forward, Glasgow 2002. (Best poster prize in category)
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Glasgow 2003.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), New Orleans 2003
  • International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Paris 2003. (incl .one selected for poster discussion)
  • International Society for Pediatric & Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), Saint-Malo 2003
  • British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology & Diabetes (BSPED), Edinburgh, 2003.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Birmingham 2004.
  • European Congress on Obesity,Prague, 2004
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA),Orlando 2004.
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Munich 2004
  • International Society for Pediatric & Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), Singapore 2004.
  • International Nursing (RCN) Research Conference, Belfast 2005.
  • Association of Clinical Biochemists, 2005
  • European Youth Heart Scientific Symposium, London 2005.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meetimg, Glasgow 2005 (incl. one shortlisted for Lilly poster award)
  • European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Athens 2005.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), San Diego 2005.
  • International Society for Pediatric & Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) Krakow 2005 (selected for poster discussion)  
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Athens 2005.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Birmingham 2006 (incl. one shortlisted for Lilly poster award).
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), Washington 2006.
  • International Congress on Obesity (ICO), Sydney 2006.
  • International Society for Paediatric & Adolescent Diabetes, Cambridge 2006
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Copenhagen 2006.
  • International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Cape Town 2006.
  • European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Budapest 2007.
  • Diabetes UK Annual Professional Meeting, Glasgow 2007 (incl. one shortlisted for Lilly poster award)
  • International Congress on Prediabetes & Metabolic Syndrome, Barcelona 2007.
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), Chicago 2007.
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Amsterdam 2007.
  • International Society for Pediatric & Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), Berlin 2007.
  • European Congress on obesity (ECO) Geneva, 2008 (incl. one short-listed for Best Poster Award).   
  • American Diabetes Association (ADA), San Francisco 2008.
  • International Society for Pediatric & Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), Durban 2008
  • European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Rome 2008.