Little-Known Facts About Diabetes

You know you can reverse type 2 diabetes? Why is it important to measure waist circumference? Which drugs can indirectly cause diabetes? Learn important facts about this disease.

The vast majority of cases of diabetes-about 95 percent. – this is called Type 2 diabetes, which is caused by an acquired decrease in the sensitivity of the body’s cells to insulin. In this situation, the body produces more and more insulin, which eventually leads to the depletion of its reserves and the development of the disease.

What is insulin?

It is a hormone produced in the pancreas, which allows the cells of the body to use the sugars and fats provided with food. Thanks to insulin, it is possible to process sugars and fats into energy necessary for the functioning of the body. However, its most well-known effect is to regulate blood sugar levels.

You want to avoid diabetes? Measure the waist circumference!
It turns out that you do not need to do expensive and complicated tests to find yourself at an increased risk of developing diabetes. One of the most important warning signs is too much waist circumference.

Scientists have long proven the fact that abdominal obesity (also called visceral, visceral or Apple-type obesity) is the most dangerous type of obesity for human health, leading to a number of chronic diseases (including life-threatening cardiovascular diseases and cancer).

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Two alarm thresholds

Iż experts warn that waist circumference above 94 cm in men and 80 cm in women is one of the important risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes. The bigger it is, the higher the risk. Waist circumference exceeding 102 cm in men and 88 cm in women is already very dangerous for health-it is associated with the occurrence of numerous metabolic disorders and complications. The waist circumference shall be measured at half the distance between the lower edge of the ribs and the upper edge of the ilium crest.

– If a man has a waist circumference exceeding 94 cm, and a woman over 80 cm, then the first red warning light should come on even though the BMI of such a person may still be within the norm (BMI between 18.5 and 24.9).

Diabetes and body mass index (BMI)
The facts are inexorable. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) as much as 50 percent. people suffering from type 2 diabetes are overweight (BMI between 25 and 30), and another 40 percent. people with obesity (BMI over 30).

As you can see, the investment in a centimeter of tailoring, care for maintaining a normal body weight or its reduction, in the case of people with excess kilograms, pay off very well, because they can effectively save us from diabetes and its drastic consequences.

– Elevated blood sugar does not hurt, but the consequences of diabetes are really very serious. They include m.in.: strokes, heart attacks, dementia, heart failure, diabetic foot, blindness and kidney failure. About 80 percent. diabetic patient dies due to cardiovascular disease. This is due to the fact that diabetes doubles the risk of vascular disease.

Not unimportant is also the fact that it is more pleasant to have a slim figure than plump. Life without extra pounds is therefore really lighter, literally and figuratively.

Can drugs increase the risk of diabetes?

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That’s a fact! Unfortunately, by treating many other serious diseases, such as atherosclerosis and schizophrenia, we can, as a result of the side effects of drugs, increase our risk of developing diabetes. What kind of drugs? Iż experts give the following examples:

  • statins,
  • thiazides,
  • glucocorticoids,
  • non-selective beta-blockers.

Taking statins is a necessity for a significant proportion of people with chronic cardiovascular diseases. – Another example is Olanzapine, which effectively treats schizophrenia, but can cause, unfortunately, as a side effect, significant weight gain in patients.

What to eat to avoid diabetes: three effective diets

Experts warn that as part of the prevention and treatment of diabetes do not bet on the fashionable and often irrational diet slimming, recommended by friends, celebrities or Dr. Google’a.in this area, it is best to consult a doctor or a qualified nutritionist.

– I can recommend three different diets that are well suited for this purpose: first, nutrition according to the principles of the pyramid of healthy eating and physical activity Iż, second, the DASH diet, and third, the traditional Mediterranean diet. In an antidiabetic diet, it is worth paying attention especially to the quality of carbohydrates consumed and choose foods with a low glycemic index (IG below 55).