Every few years there is one alternative or another to anabolic-androgenic steroids. SAAs appeared on the market in the late 1940s, the first use by athletes was in the late 1940s or early 1950s (Soviet, later American, and then East German athletes were in the lead). AAS made the greatest progress in weightlifting, bodybuilding, hammer throwing, shot put, short-distance running, etc. Unfortunately, the anabolic effects (increase in muscle mass and strength) are inherently androgenic (influence on hair, voice, bones, virilization in women). Steroids are undoubtedly well-researched, as many of them have been approved for human use.
Only the following have been approved for therapeutic use in humans :
- testosterone (in various forms – solutions in oil, water, skin / transdermal gels, pellets),
- nortestosterone (e.g. deca durabolin / nandrolone decanoate; other nandrolone variants)
- dihydrochlormethyltestosterone (DHCMT; better known as oral-turinabol),
- methandienone / methandrostenolone (known in Poland as: metanabol),
- oxandrolone (e.g. under the anavar brand)
- fluoxymesterone (halotestin),
- stanozolol (winstrol),
- formestane (4-hydroxyandrostenedione),
(*) the authors of the list omitted oxymetholone (anapolone), which is used many times in humans, there is a rich collection of scientific studies – 398 in the pubmed database ,
(*) the authors of the list also omitted Proviron (mesterolone), which is widely used in humans (multiple studies from the last 2 years).