The role of testosterone in women
Testosterone is mistakenly viewed as an exclusively male hormone. Testosterone in women has a great influence on:
- proper functioning of the ovaries;
- bone strength;
- the correct level of libido.
- Proper ovarian function requires a good balance between testosterone and estrogen levels.
Excess testosterone in men
Excess testosterone is a fairly rare condition in men. Testosterone levels fluctuate significantly, both at different stages of development and over the course of a day, so it is difficult to determine the correct testosterone value. Most often, excess testosterone is found in athletes who use anabolic steroids, testosterone, or other testosterone-related hormones to increase muscle mass.
Symptoms of excess testosterone are primarily:
- low sperm count, reduced testicle size, impotence;
- damage to the heart muscle leading to an increased risk of a heart attack;
- enlarged prostate causing problems passing urine;
- liver disease;
- swelling of the legs due to fluid retention in the tissues;
- weight gain;
- arterial hypertension and high cholesterol;
- increase in muscle mass;
- increased risk of blood clots;
- growth inhibition during adolescence;
- aggressive behavior;
- mood swings, delusions.
In women, excess testosterone is usually associated with polycystic ovary syndrome. Excess testosterone in women is manifested by irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, hirsutism, androgenetic alopecia, depression and weight gain.